Past Indefinite Tense in Urdu: Rules Formula Exercise

We will learn Past Indefinite Tense in Urdu with definition, examples, formulas, negative, interrogative, and interrogative sentences.

ہم اردو میں Past Indefinite Tense کو تعریف، مثالوں، فارمولے، منفی، سوالیہ، اور سوالیہ جملوں کے ساتھ سیکھیں گے۔

Past Indefinite Tense in Urdu

اردو میں، ماضی کی غیر معینہ مدت کسی ایسے عمل کو بیان کرنے کے لیے استعمال ہوتا ہے جو ماضی میں ہوا اور اب مکمل ہو گیا ہے۔ اسے “سادہ ماضی کا زمانہ” یا “ماضی غیر معینہ مدت” کے نام سے بھی جانا جاتا ہے۔

In Urdu, the past indefinite tense is used to describe an action that occurred in the past and is now completed. It is also known as the “simple past tense” or “past indefinite tense.”

اردو میں ماضی غیر معینہ مدت بنانے کے لیے، آپ عام طور پر فعل کی جڑ کے آخر میں “-ا” (-a) لاحقہ جوڑتے ہیں اگر فعل مذکر ہے، اور “-ی” (-i) اگر فعل مؤنث ہے۔ یہاں چند مثالیں ہیں:

Masculine form:

جانا (jana) – to go

Past Indefinite: گیا (gaya) – went

کھانا (khana) – to eat

Past Indefinite: کھایا (khaya) – ate

پڑھنا (parhna) – to read

Past Indefinite: پڑھا (parha) – read

Feminine form:

سمجھنا (samajhna) – to understand

Past Indefinite: سمجھی (samjhi) – understood

دیکھنا (dekhna) – to see

Past Indefinite: دیکھی (dekhi) – saw

لکھنا (likhna) – to write

Past Indefinite: لکھی (likhi) – wrote

Past Indefinite Tense Rules

فعل ماضی مطلق، جسے سادہ ماضی کے طور پر بھی جانا جاتا ہے، کسی ایسے عمل یا واقعے کو بیان کرنے کے لیے استعمال کیا جاتا ہے جو ماضی میں پیش آیا اور مکمل ہوا۔ ماضی کی غیر معینہ مدت کو استعمال کرنے کے کچھ اصول یہ ہیں:

The past indefinite tense, also known as the simple past tense, is used to describe an action or event that occurred and was completed in the past. Here are some rules for using the past indefinite tense:

١۔باقاعدہ فعل کے لیے فعل ماضی مطلق، بنانے کے لیے، فعل کی بنیادی شکل میں “-ed” شامل کریں۔Base form: walk / Past indefinite tense: walkedBase form: play / Past indefinite tense: played٢۔بےقاعدہ فعل کے لیے فعل ماضی مطلق اپنی منفرد شکلیں رکھتے ہیں۔ کچھ عام بےقاعدہ فعل میں شامل ہیں:Base form: go / Past indefinite tense: wentBase form: see / Past indefinite tense: sawBase form: eat / Past indefinite tense: ate٣. منفی جملے: ماضی کے غیر معینہ مدت میں ایک منفی جملہ بنانے کے لیے، امدادی فعل “did” کے بعد “not” اورفعل کی پہلی فارم استعمال کریں۔ مثال کے طور پر:Positive: I played soccer yesterday.Negative: I did not play soccer yesterday. (or I didn’t play soccer yesterday.)٤۔ سوالیہ جملے: سوالیہ بنانے کے لیے،امدادی فعل (did)کو شروع میں لکھیں۔ فعل کی دوسری فارم کو پہلی میں تبدیل کریں۔ مثال کے طور پر:

Positive: He worked late last night.
Question: Did he work late last night?

٥.ٹائم ایکسپریشنز: ٹائم ایکسپریشنز جو کسی مخصوص ماضی کے وقت کی نشاندہی کرتے ہیں اکثر ماضی کے غیر معینہ مدت کے ساتھ استعمال ہوتے ہیں۔ کچھ مثالوں میں کل، گزشتہ ہفتہ، دو دن پہلے، 1999 میں، وغیرہ شامل ہیں۔

٦۔ایڈورب کا استعمال: تعداد کے فعل، جیسے ہمیشہ، اکثر، کبھی کبھی، عام طور پر، وغیرہ، ماضی کے غیر معینہ مدت کے ساتھ استعمال کیا جا سکتا ہے اس بات کی نشاندہی کرنے کے لیے کہ ماضی میں کتنی بار عمل ہوا ہے۔ مثال کے طور پر:جب میں بچپن میں تھا تو میں اکثر اپنے دادا دادی سے ملنے جاتا تھا۔

I often visited my grandparents when I was a child.

Past Indefinite Tense | How to Learn with Formulas Examples

STEP – I

Past = passed/gone گزرہ ہوا

Indefinite = that is for unknown length of time مطلق

Tense = time period/verb زمانہ

Present Indefinite Tense = any action happened for unknown length of time in past times

Present Indefinite Tense = ماضی میں نامعلوم وقت کے لیے کوئی بھی عمل ہوا ہو۔

STEP-II

Definition of Past Indefinite Tense:

In this tense anything is done, happened  or borne in just past times.

اس زمانےمیں کچھ بھی کیا جاتا ہے، ہوا یا برداشت کیا جاتا ہے گزرے ہوئے وقت میں۔

Recognition of Past Indefinite Tense in English:

S + 2nd form of Verb + O

They did their duty.

سب سے پہلے، سبجیکٹ کو جملے کے شروع میں رکھا جاتا ہے پھر فعل کی دوسری فارم اور آخر میں فل اسٹاپ لگایا جاتا ہے۔

First of all, subject is placed at the start of sentence then 2nd form of verb and object at the end with full stop.

Examples:

* 2nd V=Second form of verb

S    +     2nd V  +      O

SIIVO
Heatebread
SIIVO
Moosaatefood
SIIVO
IwentEngland

Note:In this tense, we will not add “s”  or  “es” at the end of verb.

اگر آپ فعل حال مطلق سیکھناچاہتے ہیں تو یہاں کلک کریں۔

If you want to learn the present indefinite tense, click here.

STEP – III

Exercise:

SIIVO
Weplayedcricket

We played cricket. 

SIIVO
Youdrovea car

You drove a car.

Past Indefinite Tense Examples

Here are some more examples of sentences using the past indefinite tense in Urdu:

میں کام کیا۔

(Main kaam kya.)

I worked.

تم نے پڑھا۔

(Tum ne parha.)

You read.

وہ گانا گایا۔

(Woh gana gaya.)

He sang a song.

ہم نے کھانا کھایا۔

(Hum ne khana khaya.)

We ate food.

تم نے کتاب لکھی۔

(Tum ne kitaab likhi.)

You wrote a book.

میں نے تمہیں دیکھا۔

(Main ne tumhein dekha.)

I saw you.

وہ بچے کھیلے۔

(Woh bachay khelay.)

They played.

میری ماں نے کھانا پکایا۔

(Meri maan ne khana pakaaya.)

My mother cooked food.

ہم نے سوچا۔

(Hum ne socha.)

We thought.

تم نے وعدہ کیا۔

(Tum ne wada kiya.)

You made a promise.

Remember, the past indefinite tense in Urdu agrees with the gender and number of the subject. The verb endings may change accordingly.

STEP – IV

Past Indefinite Tense Structure

Let’s learn all types of sentences:

Affirmative Sentences مثبت جملے

The past indefinite tense, also known as the simple past tense, is used to describe an action that took place in the past and is now completed. In Urdu, the structure of the past indefinite tense is as follows:

Affirmative Sentences:

For Masculine Verbs:

Subject + Verb Root + “ا” (-a) + تھا (-tha)

Example: وہ آیا تھا۔ (He came.)

For Feminine Verbs:

Subject + Verb Root + “ی” (-i) + تھی (-thi)

Example: وہ چلی تھی۔ (She went.)

Negative Sentence of Past Indefinite Tense

کسی جملے کو منفی بنانے کے لیے، صرف فاعل کے بعد صرف “did not” شامل کریں۔ آئیے اسے وضع کریں۔

To make a sentence negative, add only “did not“right after subject. Let us formulate it.

For Masculine Verbs:

Subject + Verb Root + “نہیں” (-nahin) + تھا (-tha)

Example: میں نے نہیں کھایا تھا۔ (I didn’t eat.)

For Feminine Verbs:

Subject + Verb Root + “نہیں” (-nahin) + تھی (-thi)

Example: تم نے نہیں پڑھی تھی۔ (You didn’t read.)

S +  did not+1V  +O

یاد رکھیں، ‘did not’ کا اضافہ کرنے کے بعد، فعل 1st فارم کی دوسری شکل کوپہلی میں تبدیل کرنا لازمی ہے۔

Sdid not1VO
Hedid notgoschool

He did not go to school.

Sdid not1VO
Ali and Amirdid nottella lie

Amir and Ali did not tell a lie.

STEP -V

Interrogative Sentence of Past Indefinite Tense:

For Masculine Verbs:

Verb Root + “ا” (-a) + تھا (-tha) + Subject + ?

Example: کیا تم آئے تھے؟ (Did you come?)

For Feminine Verbs:

Verb Root + “ی” (-i) + تھی (-thi) + Subject + ?

Example: کیا وہ کام کیا تھی؟ (Did she do the work?)

کسی جملے کو سوالیہ بنانے کے لیے، فاعل سے پہلے did” کا اضافہ کریں۔ آئیے اسے وضع کریں۔

Did + S  + 1V  + O + ?

DidS1VO?
DidAamirgomarket?

Did he go to the market?

DidS1VO?
Didtheydohomework?

Did they do homework?

STEP -VI

Interro-Negative Sentence of Past Indefinite Tense

کسی جملے کو سوالیہ منفی بنانے کے لیے، منفی جملے کے فاعل سے پہلے did” کا اضافہ کریں اور آخر میں سوالیہ نشان لگائیں۔ آئیے اسے وضع کریں۔

S +  + 2nd V  + O (Simple)
S +  did not +1V  + O (-ve)
Now Interronegative Sentence
Did + S+not +1V  + O? 

DidSnot1VO?
Didtheynotgoschool?

Did they not go school?

DidSnot1VO?
 Didtheynotdohomework?

Did they not do homework?

Past Indefinite Tense Exercise

فعل ماضی زمانے کی بہت سی مثالیں ہیں جن میں مثبت، منفی، سوالیہ، اور سوالیہ منفی جملے ہیں اور ہر جملے میں ذیل کے پانچ جملوں کے ہر پیراگراف میں یہ تین تبدیل شدہ جملے ہیں۔ لہذا، آپ کسی بھی مثبت جملے کو منفی، سوالیہ، اور سوالیہ منفی جملوں میں تبدیل کر سکتے ہیں۔

  • He worked in the education department. (Affirmative)
  • He did not work in the education department. (Negative)
  • Did he work in the education department? (Interrogative)
  • Did he not work in the education department? Or
  • Didn’t he work in the education department? (Interro-negative)

  • They put in great effort every time.
  • They did not put in great effort every time.
  • Did they put in great effort every time?
  • Did they not put in great effort every time? Or
  • Didn’t they put in great effort every time?

  • You loved to eat Chicken Tikka Pizza.
  • You did not love to eat Chicken Tikka Pizza.
  • Did you love to eat Chicken Tikka Pizza?
  • Did you not love to eat Chicken Tikka Pizza? Or
  • Didn’t you love to eat Chicken Tikka Pizza?

  • We sat in the sunshine after job time.
  • We did not sit in the sunshine after job time.
  • Did we sit in the sunshine after job time?
  • Did we not sit in the sunshine after job time? Or
  • Didn’t we sit in the sunshine after job time?

  • My children loved to do homework together.
  • My children did not love to do homework together.
  • Did my children love to do homework together?
  • Did my children not love to do homework together? Or
  • Didn’t my children love to do homework together?

  • The led TV gave clearer video than the old television.
  • The led TV did not give clearer video.
  • Did led TV give clear video?
  • Did led TV not give clear video? Or
  • Didn’t led TV give a clear video?

  • The girls knited the sweaters.
  • The girls did not knit sweaters.
  • Did the girls knit sweaters?
  • Did the girls not knit the sweaters? Or
  • Didn’t the girls knit sweaters?

  • Ali went to college by bicycle.
  • Ali did not go to college by bicycle.
  • Did Ali go to college by bicycle?
  • Did Ali not go to college by bicycle? Or
  • Didn’t Ali go to college by bicycle?

  • This kid crossed the road easily.
  • This kid did not cross the road easily.
  • Did this kid cross the road easily?
  • Did this kid not cross the road easily? Or
  • Didn’t this kid cross the road easily?

  • He spoke and writes English fluently.
  • He did not speak and writes English fluently.
  • Did he speak and write English fluently?
  • Did he not speak and write English fluently? Or
  • Didn’t he speak and write English fluently?

  • She did her work in two hours.
  • She did not do her work in two hours.
  • Did she do her work in two hours?
  • Did she not do her work in two hours? Or
  • Didn’t she do her work in two hours?

  • Smith ran every risk for his friends.
  • Smith did not run every risk for his friends.
  • Did Smith run every risk for his friends?
  • Did Smith not run every risk for his friends? Or
  • Didn’t Smith run every risk for his friends?

  • He told a lie in front of me.
  • He did not tell a lie in front of me.
  • Did he tell a lie in front of me?
  • Did he not tell a lie in front of me? Or
  • Didn’t he tell a lie in front of me?

  • The long hair of a lion looked very attractive.
  • The long hair of a lion did not look very attractive.
  • Did the long hair of a lion look very attractive?
  • Did the long hair of a lion not look very attractive? Or
  • Didn’t the long hair of a lion look very attractive?

  • The beats hunted on the weak animals.
  • The beats did not hunt the weak animals.
  • Did the beats hunt on the weak animals?
  • Did the beats not hunt on the weak animals? Or
  • Didn’t the beats hunt on weak animals?

  • Some people tamed the cubs.
  • Some people did not tame the cubs.
  • Did some people tame the cubs?
  • Did some people not tame the cubs? Or
  • Didn’t some people tame the cubs?

  • This intelligent student did his classwork very beautifully.
  • This intelligent student did not do his classwork very beautifully.
  • Did this intelligent student do his classwork very beautifully?
  • Did this intelligent student not do his classwork very beautifully? Or
  • Didn’t this intelligent student do his classwork very beautifully?

  • He partook in everyone’s weal and woe.
  • He did not partake of everyone’s weal and woe.
  • Did he partake of everyone’s weal and woe?
  • Did he not partake of everyone’s weal and woe? Or
  • Didn’t he partake of everyone’s weal and woe?

  • Halima played with the toys.
  • Halima did not play with the toys.
  • Did Halima play with the toys?
  • Did Halima not play with the toys? Or
  • Didn’t Halima play with the toys?

  • Jack and Jill went up the hill.
  • Jack and Jill did not go up the hill.
  • Did Jack and Jill go up the hill?
  • Did Jack and Jill not go up the hill? Or
  • Didn’t Jack and Jill go up the hill?

  • He loved the sea since his childhood.
  • He did not love the sea since his childhood.
  • Did he love the sea since his childhood?
  • Did he not love the sea since his childhood? Or
  • Didn’t he love the sea since his childhood?

  • This hen laid golden eggs twice a week.
  • This hen did not lay golden eggs twice a week.
  • Did this hen lay golden eggs twice a week?
  • Did this hen not lay golden eggs twice a week? Or
  • Didn’t this hen lay golden eggs twice a week?

  • Musa’s mother cooked fried fish.
  • Musa’s mother did not cook fried fish.
  • Did Musa’s mother cook fried fish?
  • Did Musa’s mother not cook fried fish? Or
  • Didn’t Musa’s mother cook fried fish?

  • The weaver wove the clothes.
  • The weaver did not weave the clothes.
  • Did the weaver weave the clothes?
  • Did the weaver not weave the clothes? Or
  • Didn’t the weaver weave the clothes?

  • The carpenter made the wooden goods.
  • The carpenter did not make the wooden goods.
  • Did the carpenter make the wooden goods?
  • Did the carpenter not make the wooden goods? Or
  • Didn’t the carpenter make the wooden goods?

  • The blacksmith made the iron goods.
  • The blacksmith did not make the iron goods.
  • Did the blacksmith make the iron goods?
  • Did the blacksmith not make the iron goods? Or
  • Didn’t the blacksmith make the iron goods?

  • The potter made very beautiful pots with mud.
  • The potter did not make very beautiful pots with mud.
  • Did the potter make very beautiful pots with mud?
  • Did the potter not make very beautiful pots with mud? Or
  • Didn’t the potter make very beautiful pots with mud?

  • Man made his own fate.
  • Man did not make his own fate.
  • Did man make his own fate?
  • Did man not make his own fate? Or
  • Didn’t man make his own fate?

  • He repaired electronic goods.
  • He did not repair electronic goods.
  • Did he repair electronic goods?
  • Did he not repair electronic goods? Or
  • Didn’t he repair electronic goods?

  • They played in the same cricket team.
  • They did not play in the same cricket team.
  • Did they play in the same cricket team?
  • Did they not play in the same cricket team? Or
  • Didn’t they play in the same cricket team?

  • I took a bath in cool water in summer.
  • I did not take a bath in cool water in summer.
  • Did I take a bath in cool water in summer?
  • Did I not take a bath in cool water in summer? Or
  • Didn’t I take a bath in cool water in summer?

  • I borrowed money from anyone.
  • I didn’t borrow money from anyone.
  • Did I borrow money from anyone?
  • Did I not borrow money from anyone? Or
  • Didn’t I borrow money from anyone?

  • We studied newspapers in our free time.
  • We did not study newspapers in our free time.
  • Did we study newspapers in our free time?
  • Did we not study newspapers in our free time? Or
  • Didn’t we study newspapers in our free time?

  • He liked desert walk.
  • He did not like desert walk.
  • Did he like desert walk?
  • Did he not like desert walk? Or
  • Didn’t he like desert walk?

  • I drank juice daily on an empty stomach.
  • I did not drink juice daily on an empty stomach.
  • Did I drink juice daily on an empty stomach?
  • Did I not drink juice daily on an empty stomach? Or
  • Didn’t I drink juice daily on an empty stomach?

  • He picked cotton in the fields.
  • He did not pick cotton in the fields.
  • Did he pick cotton in the fields?
  • Did he not pick cotton in the fields? Or
  • Didn’t he pick cotton in the fields?

  • You fed cattle regularly.
  • You did not feed cattle regularly.
  • Did you feed cattle regularly?
  • Did you not feed cattle regularly? Or
  • Didn’t you feed cattle regularly?

  • You used a dictionary on mobile or PC.
  • You did not use a dictionary on mobile or PC.
  • Did you use a dictionary on mobile or PC?
  • Did you not use a dictionary on mobile or PC? Or
  • Didn’t you use a dictionary on mobile or PC?

  • All my friends cooked together.
  • All my friends did not cook together.
  • Did all my friends cook together?
  • Did all my friends not cook together? Or
  • Didn’t all my friends cook together?

  • You took a walk early in the morning.
  • You did not take a walk early in the morning.
  • Did you take a walk early in the morning?
  • Did you not take a walk early in the morning? Or
  • Didn’t you take a walk early in the morning?

  • The Children played with plastic blocks.
  • The children did not play with plastic blocks.
  • Did the children play with plastic blocks?
  • Did the children not play with plastic blocks? Or
  • Didn’t the children play with plastic blocks?

  • I helped the poor with my salary.
  • I did not help the poor with my salary.
  • Did I help the poor with my salary?
  • Did I not help the poor with my salary? Or
  • Didn’t I help the poor with my salary?

  • The maid did laundry every Sunday.
  • The maid did not do laundry every Sunday.
  • Did the maid do laundry every Sunday?
  • Did the maid not do laundry every Sunday? Or
  • Didn’t the maid do laundry every Sunday?

  • The farmers fertilized the wheat crop.
  • The farmers did not fertilize the wheat crop.
  • Did the farmers fertilize the wheat crop?
  • Did the farmers not fertilize the wheat crop? Or
  • Didn’t the farmers fertilize the wheat crop?

  • We played a friendly cricket match every Sunday.
  • We did not play a friendly cricket match every Sunday.
  • Did we play a friendly cricket match every Sunday?
  • Did we not play a friendly cricket match every Sunday? Or
  • Didn’t we play a friendly cricket match every Sunday?

  • The poets loved the moon.
  • The poets did not love the moon.
  • Did the poets love the moon?
  • Did the poets not love the moon? Or
  • Didn’t the poets love the moon?

  • The goats fed in the farmhouse.
  • The goats did not feed in the farmhouse.
  • Did the goats feed in the farmhouse?
  • Did the goats not feed in the farmhouse? Or
  • Didn’t the goats feed in the farmhouse?

  • My mother fetched the pail of water.
  • My mother did not fetch the pail of water.
  • Did my mother fetch the pail of water?
  • Did my mother not fetch the pail of water? Or
  • Didn’t my mother fetch the pail of water?

  • We friends bathed in the canal in summer.
  • We friends did not bathe in the canal in summer.
  • Did we friends bathe in the canal in summer?
  • Did we friends not bathe in the canal in summer? Or
  • Didn’t we friends bathe in the canal in summer?

  • Children put books in the bag to close.
  • Children did not put books in the bag to close.
  • Did children put books in the bag to close?
  • Did children not put books in the bag to close? Or
  • Didn’t children put books in the bag to close?

  • Students practiced writing on notebooks.
  • Students did not practice writing on notebooks.
  • Did students practice writing on notebooks?
  • Did students not practice writing on notebooks? Or
  • Didn’t students practice writing on notebooks?

  • Soldiers unfurled the flag.
  • Soldiers did not unfurl the flag.
  • Did soldiers unfurl the flag?
  • Did soldiers not unfurl the flag? Or
  • Didn’t soldiers unfurl the flag?

  • Taj delt in toys.
  • Taj did not deal in toys.
  • Did Taj deal in toys?
  • Did Taj not deal in toys? Or
  • Didn’t Taj deal in toys?

  • Google provided all kinds of information all the time.
  • It did not provide all kinds of information all the time.
  • Did it provide all kinds of information all the time?
  • Did it not provide all kinds of information all the time? Or
  • Didn’t it provide all kinds of information all the time?

  • Daniel always wore a helmet.
  • Daniel did not always wear a helmet
  • Did Daniel always wear a helmet?
  • Did Daniel not always wear a helmet? Or
  • Didn’t Daniel always wear a helmet

  • Akram taught English to the 6th class.
  • Akram did not teach English to the 6th class.
  • Did Akram teach English to the 6th class?
  • Did Akram not teach English to the 6th class? OR
  • Didn’t Akram teach English to the 6th class?

  • Yusuf worked in a marriage hall.
  • Yusuf did not work in a marriage hall.
  • Did Yusuf work in a marriage hall?
  • Didn’t Yusuf work in a marriage hall? OR
  • Did Yusuf not work in a marriage hall?

  • He often forgot things regarding responsibility.
  • He did not often forget things regarding responsibility.
  • Did he often forget things regarding responsibility?
  • Did he not often forget things regarding responsibility? Or
  • Didn’t he often forget things regarding responsibility?

  • Jack liked to play on the grass.
  • Jack did not like to play on the grass.
  • Did Jack like to play on the grass?
  • Did Jack not like to play on the grass? Or
  • Didn’t Jack like to play on the grass?

  • We bathed in rain every time.
  • We did not bathe in rain every time.
  • Did we bathe in rain every time?
  • Did we not bathe in rain every time? Or
  • Didn’t we bathe in rain every time?

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